Umhlaza kunye namazinga okusinda

Awona Mhlaza aqhelekileyo kunye namazinga okusinda kwabo

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza amiselwa zizinto ezininzi, eziquka:

Umhlaza isigaba: Inqanaba lomhlaza (ukuba uhambele phambili kangakanani) ngumba obalulekileyo ekumiseleni amazinga okusinda.

Ubudala: Izigulana ezindala zikholisa ukuba nezinga lokusinda elisezantsi xa kuthelekiswa nezigulana ezincinci.

Impilo ngokubanzi: Izigulane ezinezinye iingxaki zempilo okanye iimeko ezingapheliyo zinokuba nezinga elisezantsi lokusinda.

Uhlobo lomhlaza: Iindidi ezahlukeneyo zomhlaza zinamazinga awohlukeneyo okuphila.

Unyango: Uhlobo kunye nexesha lonyango kunye nempendulo yesigulane kunyango inokuchaphazela amazinga okuphila.

Imiba yokuphila: Izinto zokuphila ezifana nokutshaya, ukusela utywala kunye nokutya kunokuchaphazela amazinga okuphila.

Ukufikelela kukhathalelo: Ukufikelela kukhathalelo lwempilo olusemgangathweni kunye nonyango kunokuchaphazela amazinga okuphila.

Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba izinga lokusinda liqikelelo kuphela kwaye alikwazi ukuqikelela umphumo othile kwisigulane ngasinye.

umhlaza webele
Umhlaza kunye namazinga okusinda 1

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza wemiphunga

Umhlaza wemiphunga, Luhlobo lomhlaza oluqala emiphungeni kwaye luchaphazele imigudu yomoya kunye nezihlunu eziyingqongileyo. Ngomnye weyona mhlaza ixhaphakileyo kwaye ibulala kakhulu kwaye ibangelwa zizinto ezahlukeneyo, ezibandakanya ukutshaya, ukuvezwa kungcoliseko lomoya kunye nemfuza. Umhlaza wemiphunga Amazinga okusinda kumhlaza ayahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwizinto ezininzi, kubandakanywa inqanaba lomhlaza, uhlobo lomhlaza, ubudala besigulane kunye nempilo yonke, kunye nokusebenza kwesicwangciso sonyango.

Umhlaza wemiphunga Izinga lokusinda leminyaka emi-5 lihlala lisetyenziswa njengesalathisi esiqhelekileyo se-prognosis. Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukukhumbula ukuba amazinga okusinda luqikelelo kuphela kwaye amava ngamnye anokwahluka kakhulu.

Ngelixa izinga leminyaka emi-5 lokusinda kwabantu abanomhlaza wemiphunga wesigaba sokuqala (inqanaba I no-II) limalunga nama-56%, eli zinga limalunga ne-5% kubantu abanomhlaza wemiphunga okwinqanaba eliphezulu (inqanaba lesi-III nelesi-IV). Nangona kunjalo, ngenkqubela phambili yokuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunye nonyango, la manani ayenyuka. Umhlaza wemiphunga Ukuba usengozini enkulu yesifo, kubalulekile ukuba uhlolwe rhoqo kwaye uhlolwe kwaye uyeke ukutshaya okanye ukuphepha ukuchanabeka kwicuba lecuba ukunciphisa ingozi yokosulelwa sesi sifo.

Amazinga okusinda koMhlaza wamabele

umhlaza webele, Luhlobo lomhlaza obakho xa iiseli zebele zikhula ngendlela engaqhelekanga zize zinwenwele kwezinye iithishu. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka kumanqanaba ahlukeneyo esi sifo kwaye kuxhomekeke kwizinto ezifana nendlela yokuphila yesigulane kunye nesimo sempilo. Ngokubanzi, amazinga okusinda kumhlaza wamabele okwinqanaba lokuqala aphezulu kwaye kukho ithuba lokuchacha ngokupheleleyo xa unyangwe. Nangona kunjalo, inqanaba eliphezulu umhlaza webele Amazinga okusinda angehla kwi Kuzo zonke iimeko, ukuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunye nonyango kubalulekile ukunyanga isifo.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza weColorctal

umhlaza wesisuLuhlobo lomhlaza oluvela ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kweeseli zamathumbu amakhulu kunye ne-rectum (indawo engezantsi). Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Amazinga okusinda kumhlaza we-colorectal okwinqanaba lakwangoko aphezulu kwaye kukho ithuba lokuchacha ngokupheleleyo xa unyangwe. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, ukuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunye nonyango lomhlaza wesisu kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda.

Amazinga okusinda koMhlaza weProstate

Umhlaza wedlala lobudodaLuhlobo lomhlaza obakho ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kweeseli kwidlala lengqula. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Amazinga okusinda kumhlaza wedlala lobudoda okwinqanaba lokuqala aphezulu kwaye kukho ithuba lokuchacha ngokupheleleyo xa unyangwe. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, umhlaza wedlala lesinyiUkuxilongwa kwangoko kunye nonyango kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza wolusu

Umhlaza wolusuLuhlobo lomhlaza obakho ngenxa yokukhula ngendlela engaqhelekanga kweeseli zolusu. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Amazinga okusinda kumhlaza wolusu okwinqanaba lokuqala aphezulu kwaye kukho ithuba lokuchacha ngokupheleleyo xa unyangwe. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, ukuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunye nokunyangwa komhlaza wolusu kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza wesisu

Umhlaza wesisuLuhlobo lomhlaza obakho ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kweeseli kwizicubu zesisu. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Amazinga okusinda kumhlaza wesisu okwinqanaba lokuqala aphezulu kwaye kukho ithuba lokuchacha ngokupheleleyo xa unyangwe. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, ukuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunye nokunyangwa komhlaza wesisu kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza wesibindi

Umhlaza wesibindi luhlobo lomhlaza obakho ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kweeseli kwizicubu zesibindi. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. inqanaba lokuqala umhlaza wesibindiUkuxilongwa ngokuqhelekileyo kunokwenziwa kwizigaba eziphambili. Nangona kunjalo, unyango lwesi sifo lunokunyusa izinga lokusinda ukuba kunokwenzeka. Kuzo zonke iimeko, ukuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunye nokunyangwa komhlaza wesibindi kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza wommizo

Umhlaza wommizo luhlobo lomhlaza obakho ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kweeseli kummizo. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. inqanaba lokuqala umhlaza wommizo Amazinga okusinda aphezulu kwaye kukho ithuba lokuchacha ngokupheleleyo xa unyango. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, ukuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunye nonyango lomhlaza wommizo kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza womlomo wesibeleko

umhlaza womlomo wesibelekoLuhlobo lomhlaza obakho ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kweeseli kumlomo wesibeleko. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Amazinga okusinda kumhlaza womlomo wesibeleko okwinqanaba lakwangoko aphezulu kwaye kukho ithuba lokuchacha ngokupheleleyo xa unyangwe. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, umhlaza womlomo wesibelekoUkuxilongwa kwangoko kunye nonyango kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza we-thyroid

Umhlaza wethyroid ngumhlaza ovela ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kweeseli zedlala lengqula. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. umhlaza wedlala lengqula Ukuba kufunyaniswe kwangethuba, ithuba lokuchacha ngokupheleleyo liphezulu xa unyangwe, kwaye amazinga okusinda nawo aphezulu. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, ukuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunye nokunyangwa komhlaza we-thyroid kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza wesinyi

umhlaza wesinyi, Ngumhlaza obakho ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kwiiseli zesinyi. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Amazinga okusinda kumhlaza wesinyi okwinqanaba lakwangoko aphezulu kwaye kukho ithuba lokuchacha ngokupheleleyo xa unyangwe. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, ukuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunye nonyango lomhlaza wesinyi kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda.

Imilinganiselo yokusinda ye-Non-Hochkin Lymphoma

non-Hochkin lymphomaLudidi lwe-lymphoma olubangelwa kukukhula okungaqhelekanga kweeseli ezimhlophe zegazi. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Ii-non-Hochkin lymphomas ziyanyangeka ngokubanzi kwaye zinezinga eliphezulu lokusinda. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo kunye nezinto ezizimeleyo. Kuzo zonke iimeko, ukuxilongwa kwangaphambili kunye nokunyangwa kwe-non-Hochkin lymphoma kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda.

Amazinga okusinda koMhlaza wePancreatic

umhlaza wepancreatic, Ngumhlaza ovela ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kwiiseli ze-pancreatic gland. umhlaza wepancreatic Kuba isoloko ingafunyaniswa kwasekuqaleni, unyango lunzima kwaye amazinga okusinda aphantsi. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Nangona kunjalo, ukuxilonga kunye nokunyanga isifo kwisigaba sokuqala kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda. Kuzo zonke iimeko, inqanaba lesi sifo kufuneka ligqitywe ngoviwo olucacileyo kunye neemvavanyo ezenziwa ngoogqirha kunye nolona khetho lufanelekileyo lonyango kufuneka lunqunywe.

Amazinga okusinda kweLeukemia

Igazi legaziNgumhlaza wegazi obangelwa kukukhula ngokungaqhelekanga kweeseli ezimhlophe zegazi kumongo wethambo. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Igazi legaziUkuyixilonga kunye nokuyinyanga kwangethuba kunokunyusa izinga lokusinda. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa i-leukemia iqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, inqanaba lesi sifo kufuneka ligqitywe ngoviwo olucacileyo kunye neemvavanyo ezenziwa ngoogqirha kunye nolona khetho lufanelekileyo lonyango kufuneka lunqunywe.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza wezintso

umhlaza wezintso, Ngumhlaza obakho ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kwiiseli zezintso. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. umhlaza wezintso Kuba iqhele ukufunyaniswa kwasekuqaleni, unyango lunokwenzeka kwaye amazinga okusinda anokuba phezulu. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, inqanaba lesi sifo kufuneka ligqitywe ngoviwo olucacileyo kunye neemvavanyo ezenziwa ngoogqirha kunye nolona khetho lufanelekileyo lonyango kufuneka lunqunywe.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza we-Endometrial

umhlaza we-endometrial, Ngumhlaza ovela ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga komgangatho ongaphakathi wesibeleko (endometrium). Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. umhlaza we-endometrial Kuba iqhele ukufunyaniswa kwasekuqaleni, unyango lunokwenzeka kwaye amazinga okusinda anokuba phezulu. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, inqanaba lesi sifo kufuneka ligqitywe ngoviwo olucacileyo kunye neemvavanyo ezenziwa ngoogqirha kunye nolona khetho lufanelekileyo lonyango kufuneka lunqunywe.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza womlomo

umhlaza womlomo, Ngumhlaza ovela ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga komngxuma womlomo okanye ulwimi. Iimpawu eziqhelekileyo zibandakanya ukubunjwa kwenxeba elingenabuhlungu okanye elibuhlungu, ukuvuvukala okanye ukuchithwa kolwimi, ukuvakalelwa kwento yangaphandle emlonyeni, ubunzima bokugwinya, okanye intlungu eqhubekayo. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Xa ukuxilongwa kunokwenziwa kwasekuqaleni, umhlaza womlomoUnyango lunokwenzeka kwaye amazinga okusinda anokuba phezulu. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, inqanaba lesi sifo kufuneka ligqitywe ngoviwo olucacileyo kunye neemvavanyo ezenziwa ngoogqirha kunye nolona khetho lufanelekileyo lonyango kufuneka lunqunywe.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza weNkqubo yeNervous esembindini

Umhlaza wenkqubo yemithambo-luvo (CNSC)Ngumhlaza owenzeka ebuchotsheni nakumnqonqo. I-MSSK ihlelwe kwiindidi ezininzi ezahlukeneyo zomhlaza, kwaye iimpawu zayo zinokuvela kwiintlungu zengqondo okanye kwintambo yomgogodla ukuya kukungasebenzi komzimba okanye kwengqondo njengokungasebenzi kakuhle, ukungaboni kakuhle, ukuthetha ubunzima, ukulahlekelwa yinkumbulo, okanye ukuwa. Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo jikelele, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Xa ukuxilongwa kunokwenziwa kwasekuqaleni, MSSKUnyango lunokwenzeka kwaye amazinga okusinda anokuba phezulu. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga okusinda anokwehla xa isifo siqhubela phambili kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Kuzo zonke iimeko, inqanaba lesi sifo kufuneka ligqitywe ngoviwo olucacileyo kunye neemvavanyo ezenziwa ngoogqirha kunye nolona khetho lufanelekileyo lonyango kufuneka lunqunywe.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza we-Ovarian

umhlaza wesibelekoLuhlobo lomhlaza obakho ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kweeseli kwiziyi-maqanda. Umhlaza wesibeleko ngokuqhelekileyo awubangeli iimpawu kwaye kunzima ukunyanga xa ufunyaniswa kwinqanaba lokugqibela. Nangona kunjalo, iimviwo eziqhelekileyo ze-gynecology kunye nokuhlolwa kunokunceda ukufumanisa kunye nokunyanga umhlaza kumanqanaba awo okuqala.

Amazinga okusinda anokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lomhlaza wesibeleko, iminyaka yesigulana, impilo iyonke, kunye nokhetho lonyango. Amazinga okusinda anokuba phezulu kwizigulane ezifunyanwe kwangethuba kwaye zifumana unyango olufanelekileyo. Nangona kunjalo, kwiimeko zokugula okuphezulu, amazinga okusinda anokwehla. Kuzo zonke iimeko, inqanaba lesi sifo kufuneka ligqitywe ngoviwo olucacileyo kunye neemvavanyo ezenziwa ngoogqirha kunye nolona khetho lufanelekileyo lonyango kufuneka lunqunywe.

Amazinga okusinda komhlaza we-Gallbladder

umhlaza wenyongo, Luhlobo lomhlaza obakho ngenxa yokukhula okungaqhelekanga kweeseli kwi-gallbladder. Umhlaza we-Gallbladder awunakubanga iimpawu kwaye udla ngokuba nzima ukunyanga xa ufunyaniswe kwinqanaba eliphezulu. Iimpawu zingabandakanya intlungu, ukudumba, ukulahlekelwa ngumdla wokutya kunye nokuncipha komzimba.

amazinga okusinda, umhlaza wenyongoInokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinqanaba lesi sifo, ubudala besigulane, imeko yezempilo ngokubanzi kunye nokhetho lonyango. Amazinga okusinda anokuba phezulu kwizigulane ezifunyanwe kwangethuba kwaye zifumana unyango olufanelekileyo. Nangona kunjalo, kwiimeko zokugula okuphezulu, amazinga okusinda anokwehla. Kuzo zonke iimeko, inqanaba lesi sifo kufuneka ligqitywe ngoviwo olucacileyo kunye neemvavanyo ezenziwa ngoogqirha kunye nolona khetho lufanelekileyo lonyango kufuneka lunqunywe.

Kutheni iTürkiye yoNyango loMhlaza

Türkiye, unyango lomhlaza Lilizwe elibonelela ngeenzuzo ezininzi ngokwemiqathango ye Phakathi kwabo:

Iingcali zabasebenzi bakagqirha: Kukho oogqirha abaninzi eTurkey abaziingcali kunyango lomhlaza.

Izixhobo zetekhnoloji ephezulu: Izibhedlele zaseTurkey zisebenzisa izixhobo zetekhnoloji zamva nje kunyango lomhlaza.

Uncedo lwexabiso: Iinkonzo zonyango lomhlaza eTurkey zifikeleleka ngakumbi kunamazwe asentshona anjengeYurophu kunye ne-USA.

Imeko epholileyo yesibhedlele: Izibhedlele zaseTurkey zibonelela ngeendawo zangoku kunye nezitofotofo ezibeka phambili intuthuzelo yezigulana.

Inkonzo yeelwimi ezininzi: Izibhedlele zaseTurkey zibonelela ngeenkonzo zeelwimi ezininzi ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zezigulane zangaphandle.

Ezi zibonelelo zenza iTurkey ibe lilizwe elikhethwayo kunyango lomhlaza. Nangona kunjalo, olona khetho lufanelekileyo lonyango kufuneka lumiselwe kwisigulane ngasinye kwaye ukhetho olungcono kufuneka lwenziwe ngokuqwalasela imeko yempilo yesigulane, inqanaba lomhlaza kunye nezinye izinto.

Unokungenelwa kula malungelo ngokuqhagamshelana nathi.

  • Best ixabiso isiqinisekiso
  • Awusoze udibane neentlawulo ezifihliweyo.
  • Udluliselo lwasimahla (Ukuya kwiSikhululo seenqwelomoya, iHotele okanye iKliniki)
  • Amaxabiso epakethi abandakanya indawo yokuhlala.

Iingcinga ezi-2 kuUmhlaza kunye namazinga okusinda"

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