What is Weight Loss Surgery and How Is It Done?
Weight loss surgery is a surgical procedure used to treat obesity. Also known as metabolic surgery or bariatric surgery. Surgery is performed with changes to the stomach, intestines, or both to help the person lose weight.
The most commonly performed weight loss surgeries include gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and gastric band surgery. Gastric bypass surgery achieves weight loss by shrinking the stomach and rerouting the intestines. Gastric sleeve surgery is performed by removing 70-80% of the stomach and creates a smaller stomach. In gastric band surgery, a band is placed on the stomach and makes the stomach smaller.
Weight loss surgeries are generally considered for people who are obese or overweight, and a series of tests and examinations are performed before surgery. Before surgery, a person may be trained to make dietary and lifestyle changes. It is recommended to continue these changes after the surgery.
Weight loss surgeries can be performed with open or closed methods. While open surgery involves making an incision in the abdomen, in closed surgery, a few small holes are made and the surgery is performed using special instruments through these holes.
After the surgery, the person may stay in the hospital for a few days and may need to behave in accordance with the diet and exercise program during the recovery period.. Regular checkups and follow-up visits are also recommended.
In Which Situations Is Weight Loss Surgery Recommended?
Weight loss surgery may be an option for overweight or obese people. Generally, weight loss surgery is recommended in the following situations:
- People with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 and above
- People with a BMI between 35-39 and people with obesity-related health problems (such as diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, heart disease)
- If weight loss methods such as diet and exercise have been unsuccessful in people with a BMI between 30-34 and people with obesity-related health problems
However, as with any medical procedure, weight loss surgery can carry some risks, and your doctor should consider whether surgery is right for you.
How Does the Preoperative Preparation Process Work?
The preparation process before the weight loss surgery is carried out meticulously in order to evaluate the patient's health status before the surgery, to minimize the possible risks after the surgery, and to ensure that the surgery is performed successfully. Things to do in the pre-operative preparation process:
Physical examination and tests: Before surgery, your doctor will perform a physical examination and order various tests to evaluate your health. These tests may include medical tests such as blood tests, urine tests, electrocardiogram (ECG), and lung function tests.
Nutritional advice: Before surgery, a dietitian will prepare a special nutrition plan for you. This plan will ensure that you get the nutrients you need during the post-operative period and will also help with your pre-operative weight loss.
Exercise and lifestyle changes: Before surgery, your doctor may ask you to exercise and make some lifestyle changes. These changes may include reducing alcohol consumption, quitting smoking, exercising regularly, and managing stress.
Medicines: Before surgery, your doctor may prescribe you some medications. These can be used before or after surgery to reduce the risk of infection, prevent blood clots, or manage other health problems.
Psychological evaluation: In the pre-operative period, a psychological evaluation can be made. This provides the opportunity to talk about the changes you may experience after surgery and to get suggestions for dealing with emotional issues such as post-operative depression or anxiety.
The pre-operative preparation process may differ according to the individual health status of each patient. However, it is important that your doctor creates a special preparation plan for you and tells you what to expect before surgery.
How Does the Post-operative Follow-up and Control Process Work?
The postoperative follow-up and control process is very important for the success of the surgery and the health of the patient. Since the patient will have to change his eating habits in the postoperative period, the follow-up and control process is also important in this respect.
Usually, the first few days after the surgery, the patient stays in the hospital and starts the nutrition program under the control of the doctors. The patient starts with liquid foods and gradually moves to solid foods. During the first few months after surgery, the patient is frequently checked by doctors and weight loss is monitored.
During the post-operative follow-up and control process, the patient should go to the doctor regularly. During the controls, the patient's weight loss, blood values, eating habits and health status are evaluated. Doctors organize the patient's nutrition program and recommend vitamin or mineral supplements when necessary.
During the post-operative follow-up and control process, the patient's physical activities are also monitored. In the postoperative period, the patient gradually begins to exercise. Exercise accelerates weight loss and helps maintain health. Doctors also organize the patient's exercise program and follow the patient's physical activities. The follow-up and control process also helps to solve the problems of the patient in the post-operative period.
What are the Nutrition and Lifestyle Changes After Weight Loss Surgery?
After weight loss surgery, significant changes in nutrition and lifestyle are required. The purpose of these changes is to maintain post-operative weight loss, maintain a healthy diet, and prevent possible post-operative complications. Here are the nutritional and lifestyle changes that should be made after weight loss surgery:
Protein-rich diet: After weight loss surgery, the body needs more protein to meet its protein needs. Therefore, it is important that your diet after surgery is rich in protein. Protein plays an important role in maintaining muscle mass and in the recovery process.
Feeding slowly: You should eat your meals slowly after weight loss surgery. Eating fast food can cause complications such as bloating and vomiting. Eating slowly in small meals facilitates digestion and ensures that your body is adequately nourished.
Fluid consumption: After weight loss surgery, your body's need for water increases. Drinking enough water maintains your body's fluid balance and facilitates digestion. However, during the first few weeks after surgery, you should consume fluids gradually and not drink with meals.
Regular exercise: Regular exercise after weight loss surgery supports weight loss and helps your body be healthier. Exercise also helps to preserve muscle mass and accelerates the recovery process after surgery.
Nutritional supplements: After weight loss surgery, your body's ability to absorb certain nutrients may decrease. Therefore, you may need to take vitamin and mineral supplements in your post-operative life. Your doctor will inform you about the nutritional supplements that are suitable for you.
Avoiding alcohol and smoking: Alcohol and smoking slow the recovery in the post-operative period and increase the problems your body will encounter during the healing process. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid alcohol and smoking after surgery.
Stress management: After weight loss surgery, you will need to make significant changes in your lifestyle. These changes can be a stressful process at times. Stress can negatively affect the healing process. Therefore, it is important to practice stress management techniques.
Regular follow-up and control: After weight loss surgery, regular follow-up and control are required. These check-ups are important to keep track of your post-operative weight loss, to get information about dietary and lifestyle changes, and to prevent possible complications.
Is It Possible To Do Sports After Weight Loss Surgery?
It is possible and even recommended behavior to do sports after weight loss surgery. After weight loss surgery, the body's metabolism changes and regular exercise can support weight loss and help keep the body healthier.
In the post-weight loss surgery period, it is important to avoid heavy exercise before your body's healing process is complete.. Immediately after surgery, you can do light exercises. For example, you can do walking, yoga and light cardio exercises. However, you should do your exercise program in line with your doctor's recommendations.
It is known that exercise can increase weight loss after surgery and physical activity has positive effects on heart health and general health.. Regular exercise helps maintain muscle mass, increases bone density and helps strengthen the immune system. Moreover, Exercising regularly can increase your energy levels and reduce stress.
There are some points that you should pay attention to when doing sports after weight loss surgery. First of all, you should follow your doctor's recommendations and wear suitable sports clothes that you can move comfortably while exercising. Moreover, It is also important to drink enough water, pay attention to your sleep patterns and consume foods that are suitable for your diet.
As a result, regular exercise after weight loss surgery can help the body become healthier and support weight loss. However, You should do your exercise program in line with your doctor's recommendations and avoid heavy exercises.
Is There Any Skin Sagging After Weight Loss Surgery?
The probability of experiencing sagging skin after weight loss surgery is quite high. This is caused by the reduction of adipose tissue and elastic fibers under the skin. Rapid weight loss after surgery may cause a more pronounced sagging of the skin.
skin sagging, weight loss surgery It is one of the most common of the many side effects experienced after. It usually occurs in areas such as the abdomen, arms, legs, breasts and face. Skin sagging is a condition that occurs because the skin loses its elasticity.
It is not possible not to experience skin sagging after weight loss surgery, but the severity of this condition may differ from person to person. The likelihood of experiencing sagging skin depends on the person's age, skin type, pre-operative weight and weight loss, genetic factors, smoking, exercise habits, and other lifestyle factors.
Skin sagging can be an aesthetic problem and can negatively affect a person's self-confidence. However, there are a number of procedures known as sagging skin surgery. Skin sagging surgeries involve removing excess skin and tightening the remaining skin.
Skin sagging surgeries are expected for a few months after weight loss surgery and are performed after the sagging of the skin is fully determined.. In the post-operative period, your doctor can advise you on what you can do to prevent or reduce sagging skin. For example, slow weight loss, exercise, and a healthy diet can help prevent sagging skin.
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